The verse revealed in the ninth year of hijra declared:
“It is Allah’s due of the Ka’ba that all who have the means to visit it must visit the House of Allah”
and thus made the Hajj an obligation.
Having received the divine order and already wanting to visit the Ka’ba, the Prophet called Abu Bakr to his side, and appointed him as leader of Hajj and sent him to Makka. He told him to teach people how to perform the Hajj and what they had to be careful about. There was going to be an Islamic Hajj in the Ka’ba for the first time.
After Abu Bakr set off on the road with 300 Muslims, the first verses of the Surah at-Tawbah revealed to the Prophet and there were now new rules regarding the polytheists in Makka. This time, the Prophet called Ali and sent him to Abu Bakr to let him know of these new rules so that they may be communicated. Ali took the instructions and went after the Hajj caravan and caught up with them.
Then Abu Bakr and Ali continued their journey to Makka. They performed their circumambulation, and their walks between Safa and Marwa. They had stood waqfa in Arafat and stayed at Muzdalifa, and now they had reached Mina. That day Ali communicated to the people all the points that the Prophet had given him. He was saying the following:
“No polytheist will perform the Hajj from now on ! No one will circumambulate the House of Allah naked ! Whoever has an existing agreement with our noble Prophet, that agreement will be valid until its set time ! For agreements that have no set time limit, they will still be valid for the next four months ! Apart from these, the polytheists that are not covered by these rules will be given four months to leave in safety starting from the day they have been warned.”
This statement meant that the ideology of idolatry was being dismissed from Makka altogether.
Haylamaz, Resit and Harpci, Fatih. Prophet Muhammad: Sultan of Hearts, II vol. New Jersey: Tughra Books, 2014.
Gülen, Muhammad Fethullah. The Messenger of God: Muhammad, An Analysis of the Prophet’s Life. New Jersey: The Light, 2006.