In this session we’ll cover the Prophet’s Prayers and Supplications. The Messenger always prayed to God before any action. The books of tradition, a hadith record no case in which he did not pray. As mentioned earlier, prayer is a mystery of seven truth to God.
And the Messenger is the foremost in servanthood. This is made clear with every reputation of declaration of faith, “Arabic”. “I bear witness there is no god but God, Allah, I also bear witness that Muhammad is His Servant and his Messenger. Note that He is called Servant before Messenger. “Abduhu” then “ve Rasuluhu”.
Indeed whenever Quran mentions Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), He is mentioned with the title of servanthood first. “Abduhu” then “Rasuluhu”. Whatever He intended to do, He refer it to God through prayer. The Messenger’s knowledge of God can never be equaled, as a result He was the foremost in love of and paradoxically in fear of Him.
He was perfectly conscious that everything depends on God for its existence and subsistence. Whatever God wills, it happens. When He wills a thing, His command is to say to it “Be” and it is. This is cited from the Quran.
Things exist and the universe oppress according to the laws established by God and the fulfillment of prerequisites. Fully aware of these, the Messenger did what he had to and then combining action with prayer, left the result to God with absolute confidence.
His supplications have been transmitted to us. When we read them, usually those traditions are collected by scholars, and named as Kitab’ul Azhkar, the Book of Supplications or Dua. We see that they have deep meaning, and a code exactly with its surrounding circumstances. They reflect profound belief, deep sincerity, absolute submission, and complete confidence. Some examples are given below.
When you go to bed, perform wudu as you do before daily prayers, and pray “O God, hoping for your mercy and fearing your wrath, and submit myself to you, refer my affairs to you. And I take refuge in you. There is no refuge or source f safety from your wrath except you. I believe in the Book you sent down and the Prophet you raised”.
Without sins, a soul is like a polished mirror or a white cloth. Since dirty the soul and can be expunged only by repentance, and asking His forgiveness. The Prophet used to pray the following even though He was sinless. Because every prophet is infallible. One of the prophetic attribute is “ismah” meaning prophets, they are innocent, they do not commit any sin. They are the best role model for all humanity and Prophet Muhammad is the Best of the best. He never committed any sin but still He supplicated Allah for sins even though He never commit any sins.
“O God, “Arabic”, O God, between me and errors a distance as great as that which you have put between east and west. O God, cleanse Me of my errors as a white garment is cleansed of dirt. A whole volume could be written about the meaningful words used and the compression’s made here. In addition to these supplications, for specific cases, the Prophet also left behind comprehensive supplications of various lengths. We present some of them here.
“God, I ask you for all good including what’s at hand and what’s deferred, what I’ve already known and what I don’t know. I take refuge in you from every evil including what’s at hand and what’s deferred and what I already know and what I don’t know. God I seek refuge in you from all knowledge that gives no benefit, from a heart that does not fear you, from an unsatisfied soul and from prayer that cannot be answered. God, help me remember and mention You, thank You and worship You most perfectly. God I ask you for guidance, fear of you, chastity and independence of others”.
These are the some selections from His dua, supplications. Prayer was a fundamental part of the Prophet’s life. All the supplications quoted together with many have become keys in the hands of such great saints as Abu Hasan el Shazeli, Ahmad el Badawi, Ahmad el Rifai, Abdulkadir el Geylani who used them to knock on the door of God’s mercy.
We know dua is essence of ibadah, worship, and a person who makes supplication, he knows that there is One who can hear, who can answer, who can fulfill the wishes of His servants. So dua simply representing your servanthood to God and Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), He made dua at the utmost level. He is the best example of in every case including dua.